Diazepam, which is also called "Pre-med" belongs to the group of medicines called benzodiazepines; it is used to treat anxiety, muscle spasms, and seizures.
It is additionally used in hospitals to lessen the alcohol withdrawal symptoms such as complexity in sleeping and sweating.
It can also, be used to relax a person before surgery or other medical or dental treatments. Diazepam is accessible on prescription only.
It can be in the form of tablets, a liquid or in a rectal tube (medicine that is squeezed into your anus). Besides, it can also be given as an injection in hospitals.
Diazepam takes just one to five minutes to take effect. When taken orally, people usually begin to observe the results within fifteen to sixty minutes after ingestion. The rectal gel may be used for those who are enduring seizures and begins working quickly after administration.
Diazepam lasts for different time-period in different components of the human body. As Valium is processed by the body, it is divided down into other elements known as metabolites. In many cases, these metabolites are detectable in the body for much longer than the medicine itself. The most common metabolites of Valium are nordiazepam, temazepam, and oxazepam.
Urine: It can remain up to six weeks.
Blood: It can remain up to 48 hours.
Saliva: It can remain up to ten days.
Hair: It can remain up to ninety days.
All standard benzodiazepine indications are well documented for diazepam. Its surprisingly long duration of effectiveness can occasionally be an improvement for stages of anxiety and tension; a single daily dosage can achieve a uniform and continuous anxiolysis. As a rule, though, diazepam is not acknowledged as the first choice any longer (particularly for the elderly), precisely because of its long effect and the risks related to it. On the other hand, the anxiolytic effect of diazepam can be useful against panic attacks and acute phases of schizophrenia.
The effect of diazepam is also well documented for acute alcohol withdrawal. Diazepam can be utilized as a sleeping aid; other benzodiazepines, however, are at least as efficient, and many side-effects do not follow them during the day. Diazepam is viewed as a useful adjuvant for skeletal muscle spasms (e.g. multiple sclerosis, low back pain).
Like all medicines, diazepam may cause side effects in some people, but many people have no side effects or only trivial ones.
These common side effects occur in more than 1 in 100 people.
If you get these side effects, keep taking the drug and speak to your doctor:
It happens infrequently, but some people have severe side effects when taking diazepam.
On very unusual occasions, some people may undergo radical mood changes. These can become serious and are more likely to happen in children or if you're over 65.
If you feel sleepy or drowsy, you must not drive or use intermediaries or machinery until you feel better. Do not consume any alcohol.
These side effects get better as your body gets used to the medicine.
If your indications do not improve after a week, speak to a doctor as you may need a more moderate dose.
If you feel any other side effect, speak to your doctor.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding:
There's not enough data to know if diazepam is safe to use in pregnancy. But it might give your newborn baby withdrawal symptoms.
If you become pregnant while taking diazepam, speak to your doctor.
You may need to keep taking diazepam during pregnancy as it's essential for you to remain well.
Your a doctor will explain the probable risks and the benefits of taking diazepam and help you choose the best treatment for you and your baby.
If your doctor or health visitor confirms your baby is healthy, diazepam can be used during breastfeeding as long as you're only taking a moderate dose of diazepam infrequently or for a short time.
Diazepam transfers into breast milk. If you take diazepam for a long time or in high doses, it can establish up in your milk. This can make your baby somnolent or tired and can make it challenging for them to feed.
If you are breastfeeding or thinking to start breastfeeding, talk to your physician or pharmacologist, as other medicines might be better while breastfeeding. However, this will depend on what the diazepam is being used for.
If you do take diazepam while you're breastfeeding and you see that your baby's not feeding regularly, seems surprisingly sleepy, has irregular breathing, or you observe and have any other questions about him, talk to your health visitor or a doctor at once.
Some medicines conflict with the way diazepam works and enhance the possibilities of you having side effects.
Before you start taking diazepam, tell your doctor if you're taking :
The quantity of diazepam that can drive to an overdose ranges from person to person.
Urgent advice: Summon your doctor or go to the hospital straight away if you take too much diazepam
If you take too much diazepam by chance, you may experience symptoms including:
If you need to go to the hospital, do not drive yourself. Ask someone else to drive you or call for an ambulance.
Take the diazepam pack, or the leaflet inside it, plus any unused drug with you.
You get a skin rash that might include itching, red, swelled, blistered or peeling of the skin
You might be having a severe allergic reaction and may need urgent treatment in a hospital.
These are not all the side effects of diazepam. For a complete list, see the leaflet inside your medicine pack.
Take Valium as directed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may infrequently change your dose. Do not take the medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Diazepam is maybe habit-forming. Misuse of the habit-forming drug can cause craving, overdose, or death. Trading or giving away Valium is against the law.
Valium should be used for only a brief time. You should not take this medicine for longer than four months without your doctor's prescription.
Do not stop using Valium abruptly, or you could have prolonged seizures or bothersome withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to quit using this medicine securely.
Call your doctor at once if you feel that this drug is not working as well as usual, or if you believe you need to use more than usual.
While using this medicine, you may need regular blood tests at your doctor's office.
You can get Diazepam in the UK with the prescription of a doctor from pharmacies or you can buy it online.